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If you are a survivor, please be careful in reading the information compiled here. It is impossible to give information on ritual abuse, and about people's opinions about ritual abuse, in a way that is not upsetting and/or triggering. Only you know how much is wise to read, and how much information you can absorb at one time.

Therapy

Ammerman, R. T. (1991) Case studies in family violence. Plenum Press: NY, NY. TABLE OF CONTENTS: Part I. General issues -- Family violence: A clinical overview -- Social and ecological issues in violence toward children -- The ecology of domestic aggression toward adult victims -- Legal issues in violence toward children -- Legal issues in violence toward adults -- Medical issues with child victims of family violence -- Medical issues with adult victims of family violence -- Part II. Violence toward children -- Child physical abuse -- Child neglect -- Child sexual abuse -- Incest -- Ritual abuse -- Maltreatment of handicapped children -- The child witness of family violence -- Psychological and emotional abuse of children -- Part III. Violence toward adults -- Wife battering -- Psychological maltreatment of spouses -- Marital rape -- Elder abuse -- Domestic homicide -- Index.
NOTE: Case studies in family violence elucidates the complex and multidisciplinary clinical issues encountered in treating family violence through the investigation of individual case examples of the different forms of family violence. Chapters detail cases reflecting various forms of abuse, as well as the social, legal, and medical issues involved in violence against both children and adults. Several recently recognized types of maltreatment are explored, including the abuse and neglect of handicapped children, the child witness of family violence, and psychological, emotional, and ritual abuse. Other topics covered include wife battering, elder maltreatment, marital rape, psychological mistreatment of spouses, and domestic homicide. All chapters devoted to specific forms of abuse use the same format, examining medical, social, family, and legal issues; the assessment of psychopathology; and a variety of treatment options.

Bass, Ellen and Davis, Laura. (1988). The courage to heal: A guide for women survivors of sexual abuse, 3rd edition. Harper and Row, NY, NY.
NOTE: Resource guide for adult survivors of sexual abuse; new edition includes some information on ritual abuse. Also available in Spanish.

Bean, Barbara and Bennett, Shari  (1993) The me nobody knows: A guide for teen survivors. Lexington Books, NY, NY.
NOTE: A workbook and informational resource for teenagers who have been sexually abused. Contains material on incest and ritual abuse.

Bitz, Margaret (1990). “The impact of ritualistic abuse for sexually abused children and their adoptive families.” in Adoption and the sexually abused child. McNamara, Joan and McNamara, Bernard H. (eds.) Family Resources Adoption Program, 226 North Highland Avenue, Ossining, NY, 10562.
NOTE: Provides a definition of ritual abuse, outlines range of behaviors ritually abused children exhibit, and offers advice to adoptive parents.

Blume, E. Sue, (1990) Secret survivors. John Wiley and Sons, Ny,NY. Also Secret survivors: Uncovering incest and its after effects in women. Ballantine Books: NY, NY.

Braun, Bennett G. (1997) “Pharmacological guidelines for sadistically abused patients: From routine to critical issues.” In Fraser, George A (ed.).  The dilemma of ritual abuse: Cautions and guides for therapists. American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC. pp. 167-81.
NOTE: Many sadistically abused patients have multisystem problems and disorders requiring the care of many specialists. I have found that in too many cases of severely traumatized patients, medical problems are not diagnosed or, if they are, are treated incorrectly. In this chapter, I introduced some of the more common medical and psychological problems of sadistically abused patients and the pharmacological interventions.

Briere, J. (1989). Therapy for adults molested as children: Beyond survival. Springer Publishing, NY, NY.

Briere, John, et al (ed.) (1996) The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment. Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks, CA.
NOTE: Child abuse professionals contributed chapters on child maltreatment, medical and legal issues, reporting and prevention, and delivery of services; includes chapter on "Ritualistic Abuse of Children" by Susan J. Kelley.

Brown, Dee. (1996) Satanic ritual abuse: A handbook for therapists: How to deal effectively with the multiple personalities of ritual abusesurvivors. Blue Moon Press, Denver, CO.
NOTE: A warm, encouraging introduction to the treatment of adult survivors of ritual abuse, written for therapists beginning work in this area.

Brown, Sandra L. (1991)  Counseling victims of violence. Am. Assoc. Counseling and Development, Alexandria, VA
NOTE:This book examines the complex issues and techniques involved in treating survivors of traumatic experiences. The techniques described are essentially developmental intervention strategies. Specific areas covered in the discussion include: domestic violence, sexual trauma, assault, robbery, child abuse, spouse abuse, murder, ritual abuse, and recreational and group therapies.

Bryant, Doris, Kessler, Judy, and Shirar, Lynda.(1992) The family inside; Working with the multiple. W. W. Norton, NY, NY.
NOTE: About therapy with a ritual abuse survivor.

Burgess, Ann Wolbert (ed.) (1984). Child pornography and sex rings. Lexington Books, Lexington, MA.

Burgess, Ann Wolbert and Grant, Christine A. (1988). Children traumatized in sex rings. National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, 2101 Wilson Boulevard, Suite 550, Arlington, VA 22201-3052
NOTE: Includes chapters on assessment, types of sex rings, response patterns of traumatized children, interviewing victims, treatment and legal issues

Clark, John. (2003) The healing of satanically ritually abused multiple personality disorder. Authorhouse, Bloomington, IN.

Coffey, Rebecca. (1998) Unspeakable truths and happy endings: Human cruelty and the new trauma therapy. Sidran Foundation Press, Baltimore, MD. http://www.sidran.org/

Davis, Laura. (1992) Allies in healing: When the person you love as sexually abused as a child. Harper Collins, NY, NY.
TABLE OF CONTENTS: Part 1: Partner's questions: The basics: Allies in healing: My needs and feelings: Dealing with Crises: More about sexual abuse: Intimacy and communication:: Sex: Family issues: Final thoughts. Part 2: Partner's Stories: Introduction: Jack's Story "Recovering together:" Marise's Story "She works really hard and so do I:" Noah's story "Crisis and cult abuse:" Eric's story "The support of others:" Lorraine's story "Breaking up:" Richard's story "A year at a time:" Scott's story "Building trust over time:" Virginia's story "Forging a commitment:" Healing books and other resources: Index.

Dolan, Y. M. (1991). Resolving sexual abuse: Solution-focused therapy and Ericksonian hypnosis for adult survivors. W.W. Norton, NY, NY.
NOTE: An experienced therapist presents a number of useful techniques for working with sexual abuse survivors.

Doyle, Joan S. and Stoop, David. (1991) "Witness and victim of multiple abuses: Collaborative treatment of 10-year-old Randy in a residential treatment center."  In  Nancy Boyd Webb (ed.)  Play therapy with children in crisis: A casebook for practitioners.  New York: Guilford Press, NY, NY. pp. 111-140. 
NOTE: Describes the use of play therapy to treat a ten-year-old boy diagnosed with PTSD resulting from chronic, severe abuse and torture (ritual abuse). Treatment was performed in a secure residential treatment facility for children.

Doyle, Joan S. and Stoop, David. (1999) “Witness and victim of multiple abuses: Case of Randy, age 10, in a residential treatment center, and follow-up at age 19 in prison.” In Webb, Nancy Boyd (ed.).  Play therapy with children in crisis: Individual, group, and family treatment, 2nd ed. Guilford Press, NY, NY.  pp. 131-163.
NOTE:   Describes the use of play therapy to treat a ten-year-old boy diagnosed with PTSD resulting from chronic, severe abuse and torture (ritual abuse). Treatment was performed in a secure residential treatment facility for children. A "Follow-up: Randy, age 19" updates the case history.

Duncan, C.W. (1994). The fractured mirror: Healing multiple personality disorder. Health Communications, Inc., Deerfield Beach, FL.
NOTE: Overview of MPD. Presents therapeutic strategie and includes chapters on cult and ritual abuse.

Elliott, Michelle (ed.) (1994) Female sexual abuse of children. Guilford Publications, NY, NY.
NOTE: Presents statistics and treatment issues, as well as accounts from survivors of female perpetrators.

Everstine, D. S. and Everstine, L. (1993). The trauma response: Treatment for emotional injury. W.W. Norton, NY, NY.

Fraser, George A (ed.) (1997) The dilemma of ritual abuse: cautions and guides for therapists. Am. Psych. Press, Washington, DC.
NOTE: This book is for the therapist and others interested in the ritual abuse (RA) phenomenon. It is not an attempt to prove or disprove the reality of ritualized abuse; rather, it is hoped to be a guide to therapists. Clinical experience indicates that not all reports of RA are accurate. History and the legal profession will clarify whether some reports may be partially or wholly accurate. In the meantime, despite the ongoing controversy, clinicians continue to have patients seeking help for recollection they believe point to ritualized abuses earlier in their lives. This book offers advice on approaches that should be considered when a therapist faces a patient presenting with a history containing elements pertaining to abuses in satanic and/or sadistic ritualized settings.

Fraser, George A. "Ritual abuse: Lessons learned as a therapist." In Fraser, George A (ed.).  The dilemma of ritual abuse: Cautions and guides for therapists. American Psychiatric Press, Washington DC. pp. 119-135.
NOTE: This chapter is not an argument for or against the reality of ritual abuse (RA) but rather is a sharing of my clinical experiences and dilemmas in working in this field. I divide this chapter into three sections: (1) Lessons learned that have led me to be cautious in accepting what I am told by patients, (2) Factors that lead me to accept the possibility of RA, and (3) Changes in my approach to new patients presenting with RA histories, resulting from the previous two factors.

Fredrickson, Rene. (1992). Repressed memories; a journey to recovery from sexual abuse. Simon and Schuster, NY, NY.

Friesen, James G. (1991) Uncovering the mystery of MPD: Its shocking origins, its surprising cure. Here's Life Publishers, San Bernadino, CA.
NOTE: Christian orientation.

Friesen, James G. (1992) More than survivors: Conversations with multiple-personality clients. T. Nelson, Nashville TN,
NOTE: Christian orientation.

Gil, Eliana.(1988) Treatment of adult survivors. Launch Press, Walnut Creek CA.

Goodwin, Jean M. (1993) Rediscovering childhood trauma: Historical casebook and clinical applications. American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC.

Goodwin, Jean M. and Attias, R. (1993). "Eating disorders in survivors of multimodal childhood abuse." In Kluft, R. P. (ed.), Clinical perspectives on multiple personality disorder. pp. 327-342. American Psychiatric Press, Washington DC.

Goulding, R. and Schwartz,R. (1995). The mosaic mind: Empowering the tormented selves of child abuse survivors. W.W. Norton, NY, NY.

Hawkins, Diane W. (2001) Supporting ritual abuse survivors. 9th ed. Restoration in Christ Ministries, Grottoes, VA.

Hudson, P.S. (1991) Ritual child abuse: Discovery, diagnosis and treatment. RandE Publishers, Saratoga, CA.
NOTE: A survey of symptoms of child survivors of extra-familial ritual abuse and a discussion of therapy with both agitated and 'frozen'0. children.

Hunter, M. (ed.) (1995) Child survivors and perpetrators of sexual abuse: Treatment innovations. Sage Pub., Thousand Oaks, CA. 
NOTE: The first chapter discusses the facilitation of emotional regulation and impulse control in children who have been sexually abused and provides clinicians with practical treatment recommendations. Another chapter describes the specialized treatment of adolescent survivors of abuse within the hospital setting and provides criteria for determining when inpatient treatment is appropriate. The final chapter in this section deals with ritual abuse, a controversial and emotionally charged topic. The most controversial topic within the field of sexual abuse is whether to define sexually aggressive children as victims or perpetrators. The definition chosen depends on the type of treatment provided. The chapters here present a cultural background for addressing this issue, a model for identifying sexually aggressive children, a treatment model for working with such youngsters that allow young offenders to assume responsibility for their emotions and behaviors without assuming the shame of a negative label, and a treatment model for working with the parents of these children.

Kent, Cheryl Carey. (1991) "Ritual abuse." In Ammerman, Robert T. and Hersen, Michel, (eds.)  Case studies in family violence, pp. 187-207.  Plenum Press, NY, NY.
NOTE: Describes three brief case studies (of ritual abuse in the area of family violence) These cases illustrate different problems that the clinician may encounter in understanding and treating cases in which allegations of ritual abuse are made The chosen cases represent a range of ages (preschool age, latency-adolescent, and adult), psychopathologies, and various systems' responses to allegations of ritual abuse. Discusses medical issues, legal issues, social and family issues, assessment of psychopathology, and treatment options.

Kluft, R. P. (1986) “Personality unification in multiple personality disorder: A follow up study.” In Braun, B. G. (ed.) Treatment of multiple personality disorder, pp 29-60. American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC.

Kluft, Richard P. (1993). Clinical perspectives on multiple personality disorder. American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC.

Kluft, Richard P. (1994) “Counter transference in the treatment of multiple personality disorder.” In Wilson, J. P., and Lindy, J. D., (eds.) Countertransference in the treatment of PTSD, pp. 122-150. Guilford Press, NY, NY.

Kluft, Richard P. ( 1997) "Overview of the treatment of patients alleging that they have suffered ritualized or sadistic abuse." In  Fraser, George A (ed.).  The dilemma of ritual abuse: Cautions and guides for therapists. 1st ed; Am. Psych. Press, Washington, DC. pp. 31-63;   ISBN: 0-88048-478-0
NOTE:  The patient alleging ritualistic abuse poses an enormous clinical challenge. We can meet that challenge best by marshaling the cumulative wisdom of psychotherapeutic practice and relevant scientific findings and bringing them to bear with compassion and circumspection in these unusual and trying circumstances. [Text, p. 61]

Kottman, T. (1993) Play therapy in action: A casebook for practitioners. Jason Aronson, Northvale, NJ.
TABLE OF CONTENTS: Introduction -- Audrey, the bois d'arc and me: A time of becoming -- Family therapy for the family tyrant -- Gentleman Jim and his private war: Imagery interaction play therapy -- The king of rock and roll: An application of Adlerian play therapy -- To show and not tell: Cognitive-behavioral play therapy -- Born on my bum: Jungian play therapy -- Child, protector, confidant: Structured group ecosystemic play therapy -- From meek to bold: A case study of Gestalt play therapy -- Where in the world is... my father? A time-limited play therapy -- Internal and external wars: Psychodynamic play therapy -- Ann: Dynamic play therapy with ritual abuse -- Oh, but a heart, courage, and a brain: An integrative approach to play therapy -- As the child plays, so grows the family tree: Family play therapy -- Please hurt me again: Post-traumatic play therapy with an abused child -- It's all in the game: Game play therapy -- Two by two: A filial therapy case study -- I brought my own toys today Play therapy with adults.
NOTE: This book brings together in a single volume concrete applications of play therapy by seasoned clinicians from various theoretical perspectives. The goal is to reflect the broad spectrum of approaches that now exist in the field. The major psychopathologies in children present the therapist with different problems and therefore require different approaches. This casebook offers step-by-step treatment guidelines for a number of childhood difficulties, including internalizing, externalizing, and post-traumatic disorders. It should be of interest to both students and more advanced practitioners in a variety of mental health disciplines, including social work; psychiatry; clinical, counseling, and school psychology; expressive arts therapy; child-life therapy; and psychiatric nursing.

Langone, Michael D and Nieburg, Herbert A,  (1992) “Treatment of satanism.”  in VandeCreek, Leon,  Knapp, Samuel and Jackson, Thomas L (ed.) Innovations in clinical practice: A source book, vol. 11, pp. 187-201. Professional Resource Press, Sarasota, FL.
NOTE: What is the concern generated by satanism? Why has there been such an increase in inquiries? What can mental health professional do to respond to the growing concern? These questions are the focus of this contribution. [Adapted from Text, p. 187] A briefer version of this chapter appeared in Italian as "Aspetti psichiatrici del satanismo"Sette e Religioni 2: 50-79 (January-March 1992)

Langone, M. D. (l993) Recovery from cults: Help for victims of psychological and spiritual abuse. W.W. Norton, NY, NY.
TABLE OF CONTENTS: Helping cult victims: Historical background -- Section I: Mind control -- A little carrot and a lot of stick: A case example -- Reflections on brainwashing -- Understanding mind control: Exotic and mundane mental manipulations -- Section II: Leaving cults -- A personal account: Eastern meditation group -- A personal account: Bible-based group -- Post-cult problems: An exit counselor's perspective -- Exit counseling: A practical overview -- The importance of information in preparing for exit counseling: A case study -- Section III: Facilitating recovery -- Post-cult recovery: Assessment and rehabilitation -- Guidelines for therapists -- Guidelines for clergy -- Guidelines for psychiatric hospitalization of ex-cultists -- Guidelines for support groups -- Guidelines for families -- Guidelines for ex-members -- Section IV: Special issues -- Children and cults -- Ritualistic abuse of children in day-care centers -- Teen satanism -- Legal considerations: Regaining independence and initiative -- Index.
SUMMARY: (from the jacket) This book is a comprehensive guide to all aspects of the cult experience. It draws on the clinical expertise of treatment professionals and the personal experiences of those formerly involved in high-intensity mind-control groups. The book examines the history of the cult phenomenon, the nature of mind control, the psychological literature on post-cult distress, why people leave cults, exit counseling and deprogramming, and how to facilitate recovery. (It) makes a strong case for the extreme damage that cults can do to members physically, as well as psychologically and spiritually. There are specific guidelines for different types of counseling: psychotherapy, pastoral counseling, psychiatric hospitalization, and suggestions for support groups, families and ex-members themselves.

Levine, Howard B., ed. (1990) Adult analysis and childhood sexual abuse. The Analytic Press, Hillsdale, NJ.

Mangen, Richard. (1992)  "Psychological testing and ritual abuse." In Sakheim, David K. and Devine, Susan (eds.) Out of darkness: Exploring satanism and ritual abuse,. pp. 147-173. Lexington Books/Macmillan, NY, NY.
SUMMARY: There is a lack of literature in the area of psychological testing of cult abuse victims. The purpose of this chapter is to begin to fill this gap and to address some of the issues involved in conceptualizing and undertaking psychological testing with victims of satanic cult abuse. Given that satanic cult abuse involves extensive psychological trauma leading to a variety of dissociative disorders--including MPD (multiple personality disorder), the small but growing body of literature relating to psychological test results of MPD and several other articles of significance, which is reviewed.

Mayer, R. S. (1991) Satan's children: Case studies in multiple personality. G.P. Putnam, NY, NY. Also Avon Books, NY, NY.
NOTE: An analyst describes his treatment of several ritual abuse survivors. The material is graphic and the author maintains a skeptical outlook throughout the book.

McCann, I. Lisa and Colletti, Joseph John. (1994) “The dance of empathy: A hermeneutic formulation of countertransference, empathy, and understanding in the treatment of individuals who have experienced early childhood trauma.” in Wilson, John P. and Lindy, Jacob D. (eds.) Countertransference in the treatment of PTSD. pp. 87-121. Guilford Press, NY, NY.
NOTE: The first section of this chapter will explore and explain the importance of managing countertransference reactions with patients who report early childhood trauma. Next, we will present a hermeneutic formulation of the relationship between countertransference, empathy, and understanding in treating individuals who have experienced early childhood trauma and abuse. This formulation is embedded within a psychoanalytic perspective. Finally, clinical examples will be presented to clarify and explicate the hermeneutic formulation of the dance of empathy. [Text, p. 89]
Key Words: Adults - Child Abuse - Countertransference - Emotional Abuse - Incest - Ritual Abuse  - Survivors

Michelson, Larry K. (1996) Handbook of dissociation: Theoretical, empirical, and clinical perspectives. Plenum Press, NY, NY.
TABLE OF CONTENTS: Part I, Foundations, entails historical, epidemiological, etiological, normative, and cross-cultural dimensions of dissociative phenomena, providing an empirical foundation for the remaining chapters. Part II, Developmental Perspectives, represents a newly emerging area that focuses on developmental aspects of dissociative processes, including the potential role of incest and attachment in the development of dissociative processes, as well as a description of dissociative disorders in childhood and adolescence. Part III, Theoretical Models, encompasses contemporary conceptual and research dimensions from a variety of perspectives. These contributions include psychobiological, information-processing models of dissociation, and the relation of dissociation to hypnotic phenomena, moving beyond earlier theoretical frameworks for elucidating the etiopathogenesis of dissociation. Part IV, entitled Assessment, comprises 3 interrelated chapters devoted to the diagnosis, psychological, and psychophysiological assessment of clients with dissociative disorders. Part V, Diagnostic Classifications, offers clinicians and researchers an overview of current nosology, differential diagnoses, as well as conceptual and clinical implications of the varied dissociative disorders. In Part VI, Therapeutic Interventions, eight chapters are presented that provide a wealth of information for clinicians treating clients with dissociative disorders, PTSD, and survivors of sexual abuse and/or assault. These chapters reflect leading clinical perspectives in the amelioration of dissociative disorders and related sequelae of abuse. In Part VII, the final section, Special Topics, 2 chapters address ritual abuse and ethical-legal issues in dissociative disorders that should be considered as important readings for clinicians working with dissociative disorder clients. [Text, pp. xii - xiii]

Miller, Alison. (2112) Healing the Unimaginable: Treating Ritual Abuse and Mind Control. Karnac Books, London, England.
TABLE OF CONTENTS: Preface: E. Sue Blume -  Foreword: Valerie Sinason  - Introcution - A therapist’s first experience with ritual abuse and mind control (with thanks to "Lorraine", "Teresa", "Tony", and "Jennifer") - Ritual abuse and mind control: the definition evolves - The basics of therapy  -  Markers of mind control and ritual abuse  -  "Ritual" abuse: religious and creed-based abuses, with contributions by: Old Lady: "The special child’s spiritual training" Adriana Green: "The strangers’ house"  - Military, political, and commercial uses of mind control, with contributions by: Trish Fotheringham: "Mind control as I experienced it" Jeannie Riseman: "A 1940s system of programming"  -  A reversed Kabbalah trainer speaks, contributed by Stella Katz - The programming: indoctrination, lies, and tricks -  Understanding and working with alters’ jobs and hierarchies, with a contribution by: LisaBri: "When therapists make mistakes"  -  Dealing with programming: alternative strategies, with contributions by: Jeannie Riseman: "Programming: taking the wind out of its sails" Robin Morgan: "Dismantling my inner structures"  -  "Stabilization" takes on a new meaning  -  "Maybe I made it up," with contributions by: LisaBri: "Honesty and denial" Carol Rutz: "Validating my mind control memories" - Boundaries and bonds: the therapeutic relationship, with contributions by: Stella Katz: "For Miranda" LisaBri: "A survivor in therapy"  -  Treating programmed pedophilia (with thanks to "Jennifer") - The unimaginable  - Working with the traumatic memories  - Successful resolution: co-consciousness or integration, with contributions by: Jen Callow: Part 1: "To integrate or not to integrate" Jen Callow: Part 2: "Building inner community" Stella Katz: "Reclaiming me"  -  Ritual abuse and mind control treatment: greater than the sum of its parts - Appendices: 1. Resources (books and websites)  2: Satanic calendar
NOTE: Review from Goodreads "Although Dr. Miller’s book was written as a manual for therapists who are helping ritual abuse and mind control survivors to heal effectively, I/we (survivor(s) of ritual abuse/torture, mind control, rape/torture and incest) have also read the book and find it to be an invaluable resource. Before reading the manual, we sought our therapist’s advice about which chapters to read and also checked regularly with our insiders before reading the book further. Dr. Miller truly appreciates her clients’ (and their insiders’) need to be heard in a respectful way so that the therapist may be able to understand and work with the client’s system in a manner that is most beneficial for the client’s healing. Hence, Dr. Miller not only shares her knowledge, insight, wisdom, experience and expertise that she has gained from listening/working with survivors, but she has sought out some survivors to share pertinent information about their specific systems, ritual abuse and mind control experiences and their advice for therapists. Consequently, Dr. Miller and these survivors, through their words, encouraged me/my insiders to do what was forbidden, to think for ourselves, and begin to really understand how the perpetrators used lies, tricks, theatrics and/or torture to try and control us so that we may become as evil/sick as them or become self-destructive via their programming tactics. The perpetrators did not and will not succeed though because now we know that we are not alone. Furthermore, this book disempowers the perpetrators and exposes them for who they really are. Dr. Miller’s book is not only helping us to heal well, it is empowering us to help other survivors heal and thrive as worthy human beings."
Preview in Google Books

O'Hagan, K. (1993) Emotional and psychological abuse of children. Univ. of Toronto Press, Toronto, Canada.
TABLE OF CONTENTS: Court out -- Knowing or feeling -- Definitions of emotional and psychological abuse -- Emotional development--emotional abuse -- Psychological development--psychological abuse -- Global, cultural and historical contexts -- Emotional and psychological abuse within the modern child care system -- Organized ritual abuse -- Case histories -- Parents -- Single teenage mothers: The social, economic, and cultural constructs -- Parents with mental health problems -- Parents of children failing to thrive -- Observation, communication and assessment -- The emotional and psychological abuse of Michelle -- Implications for management and training.
NOTE: This book aims to enable practitioners to articulate precisely what is meant by the terms 'emotional' and 'psychological' abuse; to be able to identify it, and to formulate effective strategies for dealing with it. The author identifies certain categories of parent and parental circumstances which are conducive to the emotional and psychological abuse of children. He makes clear however, that parents are not the only care-givers who abuse children in this way. He explores such abuse within a historical, global and cultural context, and examines recent inquiry reports which have exposed the emotional and psychological abuse of children within the child care and child protection systems. Numerous case histories are provided, and one is explored in detail within the context of new child care legislation.

Oksana, Chrystine. (1994) Safe passage to healing: A guide for survivors of ritual abuse. Harper Perennial, NY. NY.
NOTE: In the format of The Courage to Heal. This book helps demystifies ritual abuse cults and methods and offers groundbreaking healing strategies. Standard guide for anyone treating survivors of ritual abuse. Highly recommended.

Palermo, George B. and Del Re, Michele C. (1999) Satanism: Psychiatric and legal views. C.C. Thomas, Springfield, IL.

Prendergast, William E  The merry-go-round of sexual abuse: Identifying and treating survivors.  Haworth Press, NY, NY. 1993
NOTE: Topics treated in this book include distinguishing characteristics of survivors of rape, incest, and ritual abuse, how survivors deal with sexual trauma, "imprinting" as a result of early seduction/molestation, behavioral effects of sexual trauma, and various aspects of survivor treatment. Each chapter has vignettes from the author's experiences of working with survivors since 1961.

Putnam, F. W. (1986). “Treatment of multiple personality: State of the art.” In Braun, B. G. (ed.) Treatment of multiple personality disorder, pp 175-198. American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC.

Putnam, Frank W. (1989) Diagnosis and treatment of multiple personality disorder. Guilford Press, NY, NY.

Reid, Greg (1995). Orphans in the storm: Male survivors of sexual and ritual abuse. Youthfire Publications, El Paso, TX and The American Focus on Satanic Crime Vol. 27. American Focus Publishers, Edison, NJ.
NOTE: Part One contains facts helpful to professionals and Part Two addresses personal issues molested boys, teens and men face on the road to healing

Reviere, Susan L. (1997) Memory and childhood trauma: A clinician's guide to the literature. Guilford Press, NY, NY.

Richards, Roberta and Rachel 2. (1993) The devil next door. Sunflower Ink, Carmel, CA.
NOTE: Case studies of ritual abuse victims and multiple personalities.

Rivera, Margo. (1996) More alike than different:  Treating severely dissociative trauma survivors.  Univ. of Toronto Press, Toronto, Canada.

Rogers, Alexandra (1994). For survival's sake workbook. The Rogers Co., P.O. Box 1102, Lewiston, NY 14092.
NOTE: Therapy workbook for survivors of ritualistic, religious and organizational abuse, with segments for multiples.

Rose, Emilie P. (1996) Reaching for the light: A guide for ritual abuse survivors and their therapists. Pilgrim Press, Cleveland, OH.
TABLE OF CONTENTS:: Foreword (Renee Frederickson): Preface: Introduction: Prelude: Davida Angelica roared: The basics: What is ritual abuse?: Building networks: Interlude I: Michelle's story: Kid management: Interlude II: Adam's story: Reprogramming: overcoming Mind control: Loss and grief: Interlude III: Living the questions: Facing Evil: Interlude IV: Baby angels: reclaiming ritual as an agent of healing: Interlude V: from a child survivor of ritual abuse: Healing our spiritual selves: Interlude VI: Love in real: Long-term healing: For therapists and helpers: Postlude: Courageous hope: Definitions: Guided imagery for creating a safe place: Notes: The survivor's glossary of medical terms.

Ross, Colin A. (1989) Multiple personality disorder: Diagnosis, clinical features, and treatment. John Wiley, NY, NY.
NOTE: Places MPD in the spectrum of dissociative disorders. The material  on treatment is respectful and contains many useful ideas.

Ross, Colin A. (1995) Satanic ritual abuse: Principles of treatment.  University of Toronto Press, Toronto, Canada and Buffalo, NY. 
NOTE: Describes a treatment method for satanic ritual abuse survivors with multiple personality disorder (MPD) in which the interventions can be used regardless of what percentage of the memories are real. Provides guidelines for how to recognize and treat such cases. Contemporary satanic ritual abuse in a context of Judaeo-Christian culture and is rooted in themes of dissociation, dualism, and projection.

Ross, Colin A. (1997) Dissociative identity disorder: Diagnosis, clinical features, and treatment of multiple personality, 2nd ed. Wiley, NY, NY.

Rossman, B.B. and Rosenberg, Mindy S.  (eds.) (1998) Multiple victimization of children: Conceptual, developmental, research, and treatment issues. Haworth Maltreatment and Trauma Press, Binghamton, NY.

Rothschild, Babette. (2000) The body remembers: The psychophysiology of trauma and trauma treatment. W.W.Norton, NY, NY.

Rothschild, Babette. (2003) The body remembers casebook: Unifying methods and models in the treatment of trauma and PTSD. W.W.Norton, NY, NY.
NOTE: Advocates tailoring therapy to individual cases and demonstrates the use of psychodynamic, cognitive, EMDR, SIBAM and other therapies  in trauma treatment.

Sachs, Roberta G. (1986). “The adjunctive role of support systems in the treatment of multiple personality disorder.” In Braun, B. G. (ed.), Treatment of multiple personality disorder, pp 175-198. American Psychiatric Press, Washington, DC.

Sachs, Roberta G. (1993) "Use of sand trays in the beginning treatment of a patient with dissociative disorder." In Kluft, Richard P and  Fine, Catherine G (ed.).  Clinical perspectives on multiple personality disorder  Am. Psyc. Press, Washington DC,  pp. 301-310.
NOTE: Investigators and clinicians working with normal subjects and dissociative disorder patients have been exploring a variety of techniques for bringing previously inaccessible memories back to conscious awareness. The purpose of my discussion here is to illustrate the clinical use of sand trays for uncovering dissociated material. First, I offer a brief historical review of the sand tray techniques. Second, I illustrate the use of sand trays with materials from the treatment of a patient with dissociative disorder, supplemented by the patient's retrospective verbal reports about her state of mind during the time of her experiences with the sand tray technique. [Text, p. 302]
KEY WORDS: Adults - Case Report - Dissociative Identity Disorder - European Americans  - Females - Play Therapy - Ritual Abuse - Survivors

Sachs, Roberta G. and Peterson, Judith (1994). Processing memories retrieved by trauma victims and survivors: A primer for therapists. Family Violence and Sexual Assault Institute, 1310 Clinic Drive, Tyler, TX 75701.

Sakheim, David K. (1996) “Clinical aspects of sadistic ritual abuse.” in Michelson, Larry K. and  Ray, William J. (ed.)  Handbook of dissociation: Theoretical, empirical, and clinical perspectives. pp. 569-594. Plenum, NY, NY. 
NOTE: In this chapter, Sakheim begins by defining ritual abuse and discussing modifiers such as "satanism" that have been applied to its description. Calling for more research, he begins by describing reports from a variety of sources related to ritual abuse . He then moves to a metacognition level and examines 4 of the ways in which people have related to these reports. By utilizing 4 approaches previously suggested by Greaves, general reactions can be characterized as coming from (1) Nihilists, (2) Apologists, (3) Heuristics, and (4) Methodologists. Unfortunately, Sakheim points out, there are no Methodologists since there are so few hard data at this time. However, the mere description of ritual abuse brings forth many complex and difficult questions for treating such abuse victims. This chapter emphasizes that these occur on both the level of the patient, whose information one must process in therapy, and on the level of the therapist, who must consider his or her own personal reactions to hearing stories of ritual abuse. [Introduction, p. 567]

Saliba, John A. 1987 Psychiatry and the cults: An annotated bibliography. Garland Publishing, NY, NY.
TABLE OF CONTENTS Sources for the study of psychiatry and the cults -- Psychiatry and the cults in historical perspective -- Religion, psychology, and psychiatry -- General studies on cults and sects -- Studies on particular cults and sects -- Psychiatry and the cults in cross-cultural perspective -- Theoretical studies on, and specific examples of, folk psychiatry -- Studies on shamanism and related phenomena -- Current psychological and psychiatric studies on the new cults -- Meditation and yoga -- Pentecostal and charismatic groups -- Studies on, and related to, the brainwashing versus conversion controversy
SUMMARY: (from the preface) Apart from Chapter One, which lists the sources used in compiling this bibliography, three major chapters covering the historical, cross-cultural, and contemporary dimensions, comprise the bulk of cited works. Chapter Two annotates those works on the cults and related topics before 1973, when the current controversy arose. Chapter Three deals with cults or new religious movements in non-Western societies. Chapter Four deals with contemporary writings and takes into account those essays and books published since 1973.

Salter, A. C. (1988) Treating child sex offenders and victims: A practical guide. Sage Publications, Newbury Park, CA.

Sanford, D. (1990) Don't make me go back, Mommy: A child's book about satanic ritual abuse. Multnomah Press, Portland, OR.
NOTE: Children’s book written for five to eight year olds. A little girl discloses about ritual abuse in day care and is believed and helped by her parents and therapist. Popular with adults with inner children.

Sanford, Linda T. (1990) Strong at the broken places: Overcoming the trauma of childhood abuse. Random House and Avon, NY, NY.

Schwartz, Harvey L.  (2000) Dialogues with forgotten voices: Relational perspectives on child abuse trauma and the treatment of severe dissociative disorders. Basic Books, NY, NY.
NOTE: A complex and technical treatment of the dynamics of victims of extreme childhood abuse, perpetrators, and helping professionals. Contains many references to ritual abuse throughout the book.

Sinason, V. (1994) Treating survivors of satanic abuse. Routledge, London, England and NY, NY.
NOTE: Thirty-four chapters by different authors covering a wide variety of subjects. Consistently respectful and humane, excellent bibliographies.

Snowden, Kathy K. Satanic cult ritual abuse. Richmond Psychotherapy Associates, Richmond.

Speigel, D (1986). "Dissociation, double binds and post traumatic stress in multiple personality disorder." In Braun, B. G. (ed.), Treatment of multiple personality disorder, pp.61-78. American Psychiatric Press, Washington DC.

Swartz, R. (1995). Internal family systems therapy. Guilford Press, NY, NY.

Taylor, Brice.  Revivification: A gentle, alternative  memory retrieval process for trauma survivors. Available from Brice Taylor Trust, P.O. Box 655, Landrum, SC 29356.

Terr, L. (1994).  Unchained memories: True stories of traumatic memories, lost and found. Basic Books, NY, NY.

Torem M. S. (1986) "Eating disorders in patients with MPD."  In Kluft, R. P. (ed.), Clinical perspectives on multiple personality disorder, pp. 343-353. American Psychiatric Press, Washington DC.

Van der Hart, Onno, Boon, Suzette, and Jansen, Olga Heijtmajer. (1997) "Ritual abuse in European countries: A clinician's perspective." In  Fraser, George A (ed.).  The dilemma of ritual abuse: Cautions and guides for therapists. 1st ed;   Washington: Am. Psych. Press, pp. 137-163.  ISBN: 0-88048-478-0
NOTE: In this chapter, we present an overview of relevant material pertaining to Satanic Ritual Abuse (SRA) cases involving children in both Great Britain and the Netherlands, diagnostic issues regarding SRA in children and adult DID patients in the Netherlands, treatment issues, and issues related to the credibility of SRA accounts. [Text, p. 139]

Waites, Elizabeth A. (1993) Trauma and survival: Post-traumatic and dissociative disorders in women. W.W. Norton, NY, NY.

Walsh, Barent W. and Rosen, Paul M. (1988) Self-mutilation: theory, research, and treatment. The Guilford Press, NY, NY.
NOTE: A study of self-mutilation in various populations that stresses that self-mutilation is not a suicide equivalent.

Whitfield, Charles L. (1995) Memory and abuse: Remembering and healing the effects of trauma. Health Communications, Deerfield Beach, FL.
NOTE: The "false memory" debate is covered in detail, with extensive documentation regarding FMSF.  Dr. Whitfield presents extensive well-documented information on traumatic memory by researchers over the past 100 years.

Williams, M. B. (1994). "Establishing safety in survivors of severe sexual abuse." In Williams, M. B., and Sommer, J. F. (eds.), Handbook of post-traumatic therapy, pp. 162-178. Greenwood Press, Westport, CT.

Williams, Mary Beth and Soili Poijula (2002) The PTSD Workbook: Simple, Effective Techniques for Overcoming Traumatic Stress Symptoms. New Harbinger Publications, Oakland, CA.

Wilson, J. P. and Raphael, B. (eds.) (1993). International handbook of traumatic stress syndromes. Plenum Press, NY, NY.

Wilson, J. P., and  Lindy, J. D. (ed.) (1994). Countertransference in the treatment of PTSD. Guilford Press, NY, NY.

Wilson, J. P., (1994). “The need for an integrative theory of post-traumatic stress disorder.” In Williams, M. B., and Sommer, J. F. (eds.) Handbook of post traumatic therapy, pp. 3-18. Greenwood Press, Westport, CT.

Young, Walter C. (1992) "Recognition and treatment of survivors reporting ritual abuse." pp. 249-278. In Sakheim, David K. and Devine, Susan, (eds.) Out of darkness: Exploring satanism and ritual abuse. Lexington Books/Macmillan, NY, NY.
NOTE: Addresses ritual abuse from the standpoint of those patients who report ongoing abuse since early childhood at the hands of satanic cults, not only in formalized ceremonies but also on a day-to-day basis within the family. Outlines the presentation and recognition of patients who report ritual abuse and examines the complex treatment issues involved in their rehabilitation. 

Young, Walter C. and Young, Linda J.  (1997) "Recognition and special treatment issues in patients reporting childhood sadistic ritual abuse." In   Fraser, George A (ed.).  The dilemma of ritual abuse: Cautions and guides for therapists. 1st ed;   Washington: Am. Psych. Press, pp. 65-103.   ISBN: 0-88048-478-0
NOTE: The purpose of this chapter is to review reports of the Sadistic Ritual Abuse (SRA) phenomenon, to discuss credibility of the accounts, and to describe current issues in its treatment, including preparation for treatment, general treatment issues, management of cultic or satanic alters, pharmacological treatment, and controversy over historical accuracy. Controversial trends in the etiology and treatment of SRA cases are also discussed.  It should be kept in mind that the controversy surrounding SRA continues to heighten. Actual clinical interpretations may be considerably different if scientific data should support patients' accounts or, from an opposing viewpoint, if a socially contagious, media-influenced syndrome is shown to run its course among dissociative, suggestible individuals. [Text, p. 68]

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